Manufacturers

 

Although the U. S. Wind Engine and Pump Company is the oldest manufacturer of wind engines, the Challenge Windmill Company was the first to open such a factory in Batavia.  These large facilities were situated on the Fox River, ironically using water power to turn the machines that made windmills!

 

The factories all had different departments and warehouses.  The wood shop is where vanes, sails, and towers were carved directly from stock lumber using different templates for the available models.  The machine shop was no doubt the busiest; there the metal gearboxes, rods, pumps, fasteners, and spare parts were manufactured from raw stock materials.  When metal windmills became popular, the machine shops were expanded to include the manufacture of sails, vanes, and towers.

 

The Appleton factory building still stands on Batavia’s Riverwalk and now serves as Batavia’s government center.  Proudly displayed on the grounds are wind engine models from Challenge, U.S. Wind Engine, Appleton, and Batavia Mill.

 

The following list includes major windmill manufacturers.  Hundreds more companies were involved in the process of selling and distributing windmills; however, there are far too many to catalogue.  Note that some of the brand-name windmills began as independent companies but were later purchased or merged with other manufacturing companies.  

A J Corcoran

New York, NY

Corcoran

A Y McDonald Mfg Co

Dubuque, IA

Giant Airmaster

Aera Mfg Co

Henry, IL

Aera

Aermotor Windmill Co

Chicago, IL

Aermotor, Bilby

Still open in San Antonio, TX

Albion Wind Mill

Albion, MI

Albion, Union, Wolcott

Became Cook Mfg Co

W H Aldrich

Logansport, IL

Aldrich, Columbia, Happy Home

Became King Drill Co

Alston & Sons PTY LTD

Melbourne, Australia

Alston, Aqua

Althouse-Wheeler & Co

Waupun, WI

Giant, Raymond, Waupun

American Well Works

Aurora, IL

American

Appleton Mfg Co

Batavia, IL

Goodhue

Plant now part of Batavia's Riverwalk

Austin Mfg Co

Chicago, IL

Zero

Automatic Mower and Mfg Co

Chicago, IL

Industrious

Baker Mfg Co

Evansville, WI

Monitor

Batavia Mill Co

Batavia, IL

Batavia, Pearl, Success

Beatty Brothers, LTD

Fergus, Ontario

Beatty, Brantford Self-Oiling

Beckman Brothers

Des Moines, IA

B B

Breyer Brothers, Whiting, & Co

Waupun, WI

Bell, Ozark

Burke-Bollmeyer Mfg Co

Wauseon, OH

"Pull-the-Wire" Windmill Oiler

Add oil from the ground

Butler Windmill Co

Butler, IN

Defiance, Oil-o-matic, Old Style

C A Miller

Urbana, OH

Climax

C & P Machine

Salina, KS

Pioneer

Celina Mfg Co

Celina, OH

Monarch

Challenge Windmill & Feed Co

Batavia, IL

Daisy, Dandy, O.K.

Plant used as metal works in World War II.

Clay Center Windmill & Foundry

Clay Center, KS

Gudnuf

Continental Wind Mill Co

New York, NY

Continental

Crane and Ordway Co

St. Paul, MN

Crane, Ideal

David Bradley Windmill Co

Groton, NY

Champion

Later bought out by Sears.

Decorah Windmill Co

Decorah, IA

Decorah

Dempster Mill Mfg Co

Beatrice, NE

Beatrice, Boss, Dempster

Double Power Mill Co

Appleton, WI

Double Power

Back-to-back wind wheels.

Duplex Mfg Co

Superior, WI

Andrew, Hyatt, Superior

Easy Mfg Co

Lincoln, NE

Easy

Elgin Windmill Co

Elgin, IL

Elgin, Tip-Top, Wonder

First successful self-oiling wind engine.

Empire Wind Mill Mfg Co

Syracuse, NY

Empire

F W Axtell Mfg Co

Fort Worth, TX

Ever-Oiled

F W Krogh and Co

San Francisco, CA

Eureka

F W Winter and Co

Fairbault, MN

Hazen

Fairbanks, Morse, & Co

Chicago, IL

Eclipse

Originally from Beloit, WI

Flint & Walling Mfg Co

Kendallville, IN

Leader, Star

Inspired the Mid-America Windmill Museum.

Goold, Shapley, & Muir Co LTD

Brantford, Ontario

Ideal

Heller-Aller Co

Napoleon, OH

Baker

Manufactured deep-well wind engines.

Hildreth Iron Works

Hildreth, NE

Hildreth

Horicon Windmill Co

Horicon, WI

Horicon

Industrial Mfg Co

Buchanan, MI

Ariel Roller

Kirkwood Wind Engine Co

Arkansas City, KS

Kirkwood

Kregel Wind Mill Co

Nebraska City, KS

Eli

Marseilles Mfg Co

Marseilles, IL

Adams, Steel Queen

Mast, Foos, & Co

Springfield, OH

Imperial, Iron Turbine

J S Risdon of Genoa, IL patents first steel wind engine.

Maud's Windmill and Pump Co

Lansing, MI

Maud's

May Bros Windmill Co

Galesburg, IL

New May, Little Giant

McDaniel and Son

Litchfield, IL

New Era

Montgomery Ward

Chicago, IL

Air King, Clipper, Wind Master

Mount Pulaski Wind Mill Co

Mount Pulaski, IL

Yankee

Ontario Wind Engine and Pump Co

Toronto, Ontario

Toronto

Parish Windmills

Earth, TX

Parish

Perkins Wind Mill Co

Mishawaka, IN

Perkins Steel

Peter's Pump Co

Kewanee, IL

Peter's

Phelps and Bigelow Wind Mill Co

Kalamazoo, MI

IXL

Later made Daisy Red Ryder BB guns.

Plattner-Yale Co

Lincoln, NE

Yale

Plymouth Iron Windmill Co

Plymouth, MI

Hamilton

Powell and Douglass Mfg Co

Waukegan, IL

Iron Screw

Red Cross Mfg Co

Bluffton, IN

Red Cross Line

Rex Windmill Co

North Manchester, IN

Rex

Rork Windmill Co

Lansing, MI

Rork

Ross Supply Co

Greenville, OH

Rex

S Freeman and Sons Mfg Co

Racine, WI

Special

Sandwich Enterprise Co

Sandwich, IL

Enterprise

Sears Roebuck & Co

Chicago, IL

Kenwood

Simpson Windmill & Machine Co

Fairbury, NE

Simpson

Silver & Deming

Salem, OH

Deming

Smith & Pomeroy

Kalamazoo, MI

Eureka

Southern Cross Windmill Co

South Africa

Z

Oldest international manufacturer.

Southern Steel Machine Co

Springfield, OH

Leffel

Stover Mfg Co

Freeport, IL

Ideal Irrigator, Samson

Trahem Pump Co

Rockford, IL

Trahem

Twin Wheel Windmill Mfg Co

Hutchinson, KS

Twin Wheel

As the name suggests, a double wind wheel.

Union Steel Products Co LTD

Albion, MI

Albion, Cook

U S Wind Engine & Pump Co

Batavia, IL

Ace, Halladay, Little Gem

First wind engine manufacturer.

Ward Love Pump Co

Rockford, IL

Rockford

Western Land Roller Co

Hastings, NE

Western

Williams, Smith, & Co

Kalamazoo, MI

Manvel

Winship Mfg Co

Racine, WI

Racine

Woodmanse Mfg Co

Freeport, IL

Airmaster, Mogul, Woodmanse

Wyatt Mfg Co

Salina, KS

Currie

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